Clinical Specialties : Brain Tumors

Metastatic Tumors

Metastatic tumors are caused from the spread of cancer from one part of the body to another. The original location is called the primary tumor. Metastatic tumors are tumors that arise at sites away from the original location.

Treatment

Treatment of metastatic brain tumors may involve surgical removal through a craniotomy, radiosurgery, or whole brain radiotherapy/ chemotherapy. In many instances, all 3 of these treatments are needed. Treatments are continually improving and there are always new therapies in development at the University of Miami.

Surgery

Surgery is commonly the treatment of choice for single or readily accessible metastatic brain tumors. Surgery is also indicated when diagnostic tissue is needed. Surgery can also reduce pressure and relieve symptoms in cases when the tumor is large with associated swelling.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery – CyberKnife®

Radiation and radiosurgery are the treatment of choice for lesions that are multiple or in surgically inaccessible areas of the brain. This system uses a large number of highly focused narrow beams of ionizing radiation to destroy brain tumors. This treatment is planned so that each part of the brain through which the beams pass receives only a small amount of the total dose. At the same time, it allows for a large dose to be delivered to the tumor itself. Stereotactic radiosurgery has no risk of infection, and it requires only a short period of time for recuperation. Stereotactic radiosurgery may also be useful as a boost to other forms of therapy for metastatic brain tumors.